The cyberacoso: features and innovations in Argentina. (By Lic. Lucas Vazquez Topssian)
It is well known that one of the possible behaviors in humans is aggression, where a subject attempts to intentionally cause harm to another. Although this behavior may appear and disappear in a short period of time, its duration can also be extended and not forward fast or easy way: we well within the realm of harassment.
Bullying is aggressive component of intention to do harm, but it lasts over time and is common to find repeated episodes of violence that realize this chronicity. In fact all harassment inequality of power between the victim and the aggressor also appears. About the latter, We found that bullying can be exercised individually or in groups.
The types of damages arising from harassment usually variable, the most common physical (hits, jostle, Burns), Verbal (abuse, threats), psychological (spreading rumors about the victim) or social (exclusion of the victim group level).
As for the participants of harassment, They recognize 3: the aggressor, the victim and the observer. Often not taken into account the participation of observers in the process of harassment, that is to say, those who witness bullying and since their action or inaction help prolong or encourage it.
When harassment occurs through information and communication technologies (TIC), We talk about the cyberacoso, or English, “cyberbullying”. These technologies offer the attacker a wide range of modalities:
- Harassment by numerous messages, calls, or e, which they take the form of threats and / or insults.
- Dissemination of committed images, hearsay, gossip.
- The possibility to hack someone's account.
- Create fake profiles on social networks.
- The recording of aggression or humiliation of the victim to spread later.
It should be clarified that due to the virtual world where it occurs, the cyberacoso has certain peculiarities regarding harassment where not involved ICTs. While harassment ordinary It occurs in a place and time, cyberacoso not know the area or time limits. The victim can hardly escape the cyberacoso. As for the effects, the permanence cyberacoso has offered Internet and these multiply exponentially to reach more people. In this point, Observers may adversely collaborate to share and disseminate related material cyberbullying. ICTs have also updated other serious forms of harassment old, as child abuse: el grooming.
The aggressor often acts impulsively cyberacoso, with a little reflective attitude, without thinking of the consequences it may have for the victim or for himself. If it compares, the aggressor usually justify their actions by different positions outside their own responsibility. Sometimes they are minimizing the occurrence and its consequences, assuming that it is a game or a joke unimportant, where everyone laughs. Other times does the idea of reciprocity, that is to say, the cyberacoso as revenge for a past committed by the victim. Excuses appear frequently blame the victim: "She's an idiot, he deserves it "or" She took the pictures ". Finally, There aggressors trying to shift the responsibility for their actions toward others, for instance, to those who spread the material.
Frequently, the aggressors were also victims and here cyberacoso, repeat with other damage that they suffered. Age and gender are also factors to be taken into account: cyberacoso the phenomenon gains strength among young adolescents.
What are the psychological consequences for victims of cyberacoso? According to a study (Kowalsky, Giumetti.Schroeder and Latlanner, 2014), may appear on the victim depression, esteem issues, anxiety, academic impairment, soledad, dissatisfaction with life, alcohol and drug use, stress and suicidal ideation.
Research in Argentina.
He 28 October 2015 UADE took place in the meeting "Cyberbullying among adolescents: characteristics, Prevalence, evaluation and intervention ", organized by the Institute of Social Sciences and Disciplines projective INSOD. He attended an international specialist in the subject exhibitor, The doctor. Manuel Gámez-Guadix, of the Autonomous University of Madrid, who is currently working with the CONICET.
The proposal is to make a quantitative and qualitative study, national and international participation on the phenomenon of cyberacoso in Argentina. Administration of an anonymous and voluntary questionnaire to a sample of adolescents preveé.